There is always confusion between the definition of the federal and state court among many citizens. They come back to confirm whether or not they face state or federal charges. Both courts have different consequences for crime commitment; therefore, the need to understand the difference between the two courts. Having an attorney who can handle both state and federal cases is of importance.
Luftman, Heck & Associates is a law firm that is located in Dublin and Columbus. They have criminal defense attorneys representing people at both the federal and state courts. These attorneys are very experienced and have vast knowledge to handle the most complex criminal cases. You can always reach them by telephone or fill in their online contact form whenever you need an attorney representation. They also offer free consultations to those in need.
Federal vs. State Courts
The governance of the country is charged to two distinct and separate legal systems. A governor governs each state with its particular laws and court system. The federal government comprises the President, the United States Congress, and the national court system.
Cases can be classified as either federal or state, whereby the corresponding courts carry out jurisdiction. They follow different legal procedures during jurisdiction and also have varying consequences for the crimes charged. Failure to understand the significant differences in the two court systems could endanger your case.
State Courts Cases
They primarily handle criminal cases as committed within the local law. Apart from that, they deal with:
- Estate cases
- Contract disputes
- Personal injury cases
- Sex offenses
- Real estate disputes
- Robbery, theft, and burglary
Federal Court Cases
It derives its powers from the constitution of the United States. It handles cases that involve federal law. Their cases include:
- Cases between parties of different states
- Cases with the United States as a party
- Copyright, maritime, patent, and bankruptcy law
- Constitution or federal law matters
Criminal Cases in Federal Court
Whether cases are in state or federal court, criminal charges are weighty. The state could have inadequate resources for investigations and prosecution procedures. Furthermore, federal court prosecutors are diligent, aggressive, and many times they are politically motivated.
- Wire and mail fraud
- Identity theft
- Federal drug charges